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The Yankee Express

A closer look at what realtors/real estate agents make

Mark Marzeott

Buying or selling a home is one of the biggest financial transactions that many people make in their entire lives. Realtors/real estate agents work with buyers and sellers during this process by getting their clients the best deal possible. A lot goes into the job, and there are many things to consider when determining how much real estate agents make.
How do realtors/real estate agents make their money? Most real estate agents work on commission and receive a set percentage of a home’s total sale price upon completing the sale. Therefore, an agent’s annual income can vary based on how many homes they sell. Market fluctuations and full-time vs. part-time hours affect income range, but there are additional factors that impact how real estate agents make their money.
Shrewd negotiation skills maximize the value of a sale for clients and set the real estate agent apart from their competitors. Furthermore, real estate negotiation skills take on a whole new meaning in understanding the emotional components of both sides during any deal. Effective communication and responsiveness is a realtors/real estate agent’s craft when assessing their clients’ motivations and those of the other side.  
Experience may be one of the best indicators of how much a realtor/real estate agent makes. Anyone can search home listings online, but an experienced realtor/real estate agent will likely know more about local neighborhoods and building codes, making them more marketable to clients. 
An experienced real estate agent shouldn’t have any issues checking off all the small details and marks on a sale contract, which also maximizes the deal value and, therefore, their commission.
How much do realtors/real estage agents make? This question covers a considerable range and therefore has a few different answers. As of May 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates the average annual income for real estate agents is $61,480. That’s $29.56 per hour, given a standard 2080-hour work year. However, most realtor/real estate agents have considerable control over their hours, and their dependence on commission leads to real estate agents having a wide spread of income.
Commissions generally vary from 5% to 6%, and the amount may be split among different parties including the buyer and seller’s agent. The median price for home sales in the U.S. for 2021 was $346,900. That leaves real estate agents with $17,345 to $20,814 per home sale. According to that same report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 10% of real estate agents made less than $28,270. The bottom 25% brought in $35,880 or less. The median income was $48,340.
Most people probably agree that location is critical in how much real estate agents make. The top states for real estate agents are:
State, annual mean wage, Massachusetts $90,390, New York $81,020, Wyoming $80,580.
Is being a realtor/real estate agent worth it? Numbers don’t lie, and these financial statistics certainly make the profession seem worthwhile. However, there are additional aspects to look at a little more closely.
Realtors/real estate agents may have a large earning potential, but market fluctuations can directly impact those earnings. Agents only make money when they sell houses, so any housing market crisis could see them out of a job. A prime example of this happened during the 2008 housing market crash, with over 10% of real estate agents losing their positions permanently.
Additionally, upfront costs come with being a real estate agent, such as license and franchise fees, business and home office equipment, marketing material and travel. 
A realtor/real estate agent’s career can be lucrative, but much depends on how much effort an agent is willing to put in. Successful agents usually match certain skills and personality traits, leading to their success. Agents who do not communicate well, don’t display a positive work ethic and fail to relate to their clients and those on the opposite side of the deal probably won’t realize all of the financial potential.